La Peur

La PeurEl Miedo Es La Historia De Un Joven DeA Os Que Se Resiste A Morir En La Guerra Para La Que Ha Sido Llamado A Filas Contra Su Voluntad Chevallier Relata El Calvario Que Vivi Durante Los Largos Cuatro A Os Que Dur La Contienda Europea Su Bautizo De Fuego, Las Heridas, El Hospital, La Convalecencia, El Regreso Al Frente, Las Trincheras, Las Noches Pasadas Dentro De Los Agujeros De Los Obuses, Los Piojos, El Fr O, El Hambre, Los Gases, Los Gritos De Dolor, Los Cad Veres, Etc El Realismo Y La Crudeza Con Que Chevallier Describe El D A A D A De La Guerra Y El Atroz Sufrimiento De Los Soldados, Unido Al Retrato Mordaz Que Hace De Sus Superiores, Despertaron La Ira De Buena Parte De Los Franceses

Gabriel Chevallier 3 May 1895 6 April 1969 was a French novelist widely known as the author of the satire Clochemerle.Born in Lyon in 1895, Gabriel Chevallier was educated in various schools before entering Lyon cole des Beaux Arts in 1911 He was called up at the start of World War I and wounded a year later, but returned to the front where he served as an infantryman until the war s end He

❰Epub❯ ➞ La Peur Author Gabriel Chevallier –
  • Paperback
  • 368 pages
  • La Peur
  • Gabriel Chevallier
  • Spanish
  • 28 January 2018
  • 9788492649020

10 thoughts on “La Peur

  1. says:

    He felt a quiet manhood, nonassertive but of sturdy and strong blood He knew that he would no quail before his guides wherever they should point He had been to touch the great death, and found that, after all, it was but the great death He was a man Stephen Crane, The Red Badge of CourageHere everything is planned for killing The ground is ready to receive us, the bullets are ready to hit us, the spots where the shells will explode are fixed in time and space, just like the paths of our destiny which will inevitably lead us to them And yet we want to stay alive and we use all our mental strength to silence the voice of reason We are well aware that death does not immortalize a human being in the memories of the living, it simply cancels him out Gabriel Chevallier, FearThis is a ferocious cry of pain and rage Gabriel Chevallier s Fear is a semi autobiographical novel that follows first person narrator and Chevallier stand in Jean Dartemont through the First World War First published in 1930, it was pulled out of circulation during the Second World War, and only made its way to an English translation in the last few years I d never heard of it until a Goodreads friend brought it to my attention I m glad he did This is a book that deserves a readership, because it has all the qualities of a classic It is brutally violent, bleakly funny, unflinchingly honest, and courses with unbridled anger It is one of the unique, strange, and unsettling war novels I ve ever read The translation by Malcolm Imrie reads smooth I can t speak for how well he goes from French to English, but I can vouch for the overall literary quality Fear begins with an irresistible hook a na ve and innocent Europe on the brink of cataclysm The fire was already smoldering somewhere down in the depths of Europe, Dartemont says in the opening lines, but carefree France donned its summer costumes, straw hats and flannel trousers, and packed its bags for the holidays Suddenly, a war is on, and the iced absence has to wait The nineteen year old Dartemont, formerly a student, is now a soldier In a scene of sly humor, he is chosen for officer candidacy, but subsequently scores too high on the proficiency test only the men with the lowest scores become officers Thus begins a hellish journey into the trenches, across No Man s Land, into a hospital, on a brief sojourn to the homefront, and back to the trenches again The theme of the novel is stated in the starkness of the title this is all about cold, naked fear One thinks of Sherman at the Ohio State Fair in 1880, telling his listeners that war is all hell Chevallier tries to make this observation real He paints terrifying images with his words, creating an inferno that puts you in the mind of a Bosch painting We were shaken out of this torpor by a world in flames We had just marched over the crest of a hill, and suddenly there before us lay the front line, roaring with all its mouths of fire, blazing like some infernal factory where monstrous crucibles melted human flesh into bloody lava We shuddered at the thought that we were nothing but coal to be shoveled into this furnace, that there were soldiers down there fighting against the storm of steel, the red hurricane that burned the sky and shook the earth to its foundations There were so many explosions that they merged into a constant roar and glare It was as if someone had set a match to the petrol soaked horizon, or an evil spirit was stoking up the flames in some devil s punch bowl, dancing naked and sneering at our destruction.Chevallier meditates constantly on the terror felt by himself and the men around him Those who are wounded but not permanently maimed feel as though they have won life s lottery The utter randomness of their potential destruction maddens them One desperate man activates a grenade, puts his arm around a dugout wall, and blows off his hand rather than continue Chevallier also goes after the officers leading them to their destruction He is persistent in his unrelentingly harsh critiques of the sheltered men who threw their lives away to gain an inch of mud they d lose in an hour He goes so far as to write that the ordinary French soldier had in common with a German soldier than with his own leaders At times, Chevallier s Dartemont becomes a bit too didactic, especially with some of the speeches he gives while in the hospital Dartemont s dialectics feel glaringly novelistic, in a book that is otherwise committed to gritty detail On the whole, though, this fierce attack on the military leadership is rather bracing We are entering a period a hundred years later of World War I revisionism In my reading, I ve seen historians attempting to reframe and re contextualize the generals who oversaw this great slaughter Chevallier s perspective, and the perspective of others like him, provide an effective counterbalance Yes, hindsight is clarifying at the same time, it shouldn t wipe away the actual experiences of the people who lived it Many war novels and, for that matter, war movies claim to be antiwar Even so, it s really difficult to make this stance effectively War brings out a lot of virtues in men and women courage, loyalty, sacrifice More to the point, the battlefield to the reader or viewer, safe at home can seem a kinetic and exciting place An amphitheater of high stakes action, pitting foes one against the other for the prize of victory, the prize of nations, the prize of life Chevallier avoids this in a fascinating manner His combat scenes with one brief exception never take Dartemont face to face with the enemy The battles in Fear are absolutely impersonal, dominated by the shriek of artillery, by shrapnel slicing through the air What Chevallier does is build tension without release There is never an outlet There is no cathartic moment when our protagonist finds his courage, lifts his rifles, and delivers an Alvin C York impression Instead, we are given the enduring portrait of a man suffering from diarrhea during a bombardment We agonize with him as he decides whether to run for the latrines, or let his bowels explode in his pants Mostly, when it comes to battles, Chevallier focuses on the grim aftermath Dartemont is forever cataloguing the corpses that he stumbles across.From a distance I saw the profile of a bald little man with a beard, sitting on the fire step, who seemed to be laughing It was the first relaxed, cheerful face we had seen, and I approached him thankfully, asking myself what he had to laugh about He was laughing at being dead His head was cleanly sliced down the middle As I passed, I saw with a start that he had lost half this jovial head, the other profile The head was completely empty His brains, which had dropped out in one piece, were placed neatly beside him This is the stuff of nightmares As I read, I compared this to other war novels Each war seems to give us a particular genre of novel The fiction that came from Vietnam often centers on men who are fighting very hard for a cause they re unsure of, for a country that might not fully support them Gulf War fiction often takes pains to compare the experience of the fighting men, waging war on a small patch of the globe, with that of their country, which supports them without having to sacrifice anything at all Fear is a novel that comes from a different age, though its warnings are timeless World War I was a massive war waged by huge conscript armies Millions of men were wrenched from their lives to risk everything for nebulous geopolitical reasons This is the source of Chevallier s wrath The politicians always talk about the necessity of war The generals about the glory of it The civilians far from the front will sanctimoniously declare their own resolve The soldiers, though, as Chevallier demonstrates, just want their one chance at life on earth.

  2. says:

    Fear A Novel of World War I, The one novel you must read about the Great War Gabriel Chevalier in service during World War IMuch to come Not to heighten suspense, this novel is superb Chevallier holds nothing back in his depiction of war It is a scathing portrait of indifferent leaders mindful of their reputation but not the fate of their men Discipline is brutal Armed Gendarmes on horseback are stationed behind the lines to send men moving to the rear back to the front Gendarmes who do not fight have the authority to execute soldiers who do not obey Medals are distributed, but to the commanders safely ensconced in fortified dugouts far in the rear of combat Those at the front whose actions lead to success are not recognized Newspapers cover up failures at the front Civilians accustomed to seeing soldiers home on leave are unaware of the massive deaths at the front unless they have received personal notification of their own loss This is a bold tale of bitterness and black humor It is not to be missed This may be THE WWI novel you ve not heard of It s tone is completely different from All Quiet on the Western Front and Grave s Goodbye to all That Chevallier spares the reader nothing Because of that this novel carries with it power than anything else this reader has encountered written as a result of the Great War.

  3. says:

    If you are interested in World War I on this the centenary of that terrible event and, especially, if you are interested in life and action on the front during that war, then I suggest you get a copy of this book While this is a novel, it reads like fact and was written by a Frenchman who lived through these battles on the front Perhaps fictionalized memoir is an apt description for this book We begin with Jean Dartemont s rather lackadaisical approach to joining the French war effort and then his experiences as a recruit and at the front Several times, as Jean s experiences progressed and he lived through some of the most harrowing moments of the war, I took a temporary break from reading after a particularly heartbreaking episode but then jumped back in This is so well written, so full of details of daily life, the life of everyday French soldiers living in and digging trenches waiting, constantly waiting, so often in the rain.The war begins Priority The telegraph is working flat out, for for reasons of state Post offices send out telegrams in cipher, marked Urgent The proclamation is posted up on every town hall in the country The shouting starts It s official Crowds of people swarm on to the streets, pushing and shoving, running, running in all direction Cafes empty Shops empty Cinemas, museums, banks, churches, bachelor flats and police stations empty The whole of France now stands gazing at the poster and reads Liberty, Equality, Fraternity General Mobilization The whole of France stands on tiptoe to see the poster, all squeezed together in a fraternal huddle, dripping with sweat beneath a burning sun, and repeats the word mobilization without understanding it A voice goes off in the crowd like a firecracker IT S WAR And then France goes into a spin, rushing along the streets and boulevards that are too narrow for such crowds, through the villages, and out across the countryside war, war, war, Hey Over there War loc 162 When you read this you will have the beginning of a feeling for Jean and his attitude toward the war Both he and the author are skeptics Both will do their duty no matter the cost Men are stupid and ignorant That is why they suffer Instead of thinking, they believe all that they are told, all that they are taught They choose their lords and masters without judging them, with a fatal taste for slavery Men are sheep This fact makes armies and wars possible They die the victims of their own stupid docility They told the Germans Forward to a bright and joyous war On to Paris God is with us, for a greater Germany They told the French The nation is under attack We will fight for Justice and Retribution On to Berlin So it was with the Austrians, the Belgians, the English, the Russian, the Turks, and then the Italians In a single week, twenty million men, busy with their lives and loves.received the order to stop everything to go and kill other men.Twenty million, all in good faith, following god and their princetwenty million idiotslike me loc 213 I encourage you to read this book, read how this young 19 year old with no stomach for war went to war and fought with friends and countrymen through a terrible time.An ecopy of this book was provided by the publisher through NetGalley in return for an honest review.

  4. says:

    I wanted to read about World War I without going into the trenches, but, necessarily, into the trenches we must go Absurdity is there, along with the putrefaction It doesn t take long for our semi autobiographical, first person narrator to understand that he is mere fodder, that there is no point Yet, he is there for the duration, collecting stories and sharing the Fear He is even capable of moments of courage.My views of War and of military ritual were formed long ago What was new for me, here, was the graphic realization that you can not know unless you are there, feet in frozen water, ready to pointlessly climb the parapet Convalescing from shrapnel wounds, Dartemont has this exchange with a friend of the family to whom he has spoken of Fear Still, you don t believe what you said, do you I really do believe it, as do many others But there is still such a thing as duty, they must have taught you that I ve been taught a great many things like you and I m aware that one has to choose between them War is nothing but a monstrous absurdity and nothing good or great will come from it Dartemont, think of your country My country Another concept to which you attach from a distance a rather vague ideal Butwhat about liberty I carry my liberty with me It is in my thoughts, in my head Shakespeare is one of my countries, Goethe another You can change the badge that I wear, but you can t change the way I think Back to the trenches, where Dartemont hears this There ll never be an end to this shit he grumbled Yes there will, old pal, it can t go on forever Oh jesus If they stuck old Joffre here in my hole, and old Hindenburg opposite, with the lads on both sides cheering the bastards on, they d soon sort out their bloody war _____ _____ _____ _____Chevallier, of course, was there Nothing sounds made up In fact, it didn t read like a novel at all to me Like Dartemont, Chevalier was a conscript, wounded in the first year, and returned to fight till the ceasefire He published Fear in 1930 and it sold very well Until 1939, when it was suppressed, with the acquiescence of the author As he said, Once war has come, the time has passed for warning that it is a disastrous venture with unforeseeable consequences That is something that must be understood earlier, and acted on accordingly.

  5. says:

    Very good war memoir well, I consider it lightly veiled memoir I ve been trying to work my way through various WWI memoirs, there is a long list I d like to get to, and I d like to explore memoirs from various theaters and various cultures nationalities if you have any suggestions please let me know It s interesting getting the worm s eye view almost literally when it comes to the nature of trench warfare of this episode of history.This book contrasts nicely with Ernst Junger s Storm of Steel I think both are excellent, Junger s book is a must read imo and of exceptional quality, but ultimately I align much with Gabriel Chevallier his disgust at the elites, their wanton carelessness in sending hundreds of thousands of men to be slaughtered in offensives they knew to be doomed from the start, the class issues and elitism involved with this war which he hits upon throughout the book , the pernicious nationalism yoked onto the citizenry by the state also buttressed by bottom up mob mentality nationalism which he captures in an early scene in the book , and horror at the modernized industrialized warfare Junger was much of a true believer in the war and nationalism, although I wouldn t call him brainwashed he struck me as an exceptionally smart man so in many ways I respect him but I don t think I would have connected with him Chevallier is probably much closer to Erich Maria Remarque need to reread his WWI book They were disillusioned and disgusted by war and those in power leveraging the power of the state to coerce people to submit themselves to such a brutal enterprise many soldiers were executed by their own governments for not wanting or being unable to fight any, or desertion Junger, on the other hand, struck me as enthralled by the whole thing A telling statement by Chevallier was that he considered the German infantrymen on the other side to be of the same family as him, brothers in arms, while he considered the French officers and generals on his side to be the greater threat and true criminals in this whole enterprise It s an interesting thought, and captures the anger towards the elites that many soldiers felt, a sentiment that transcended nationalities across the various fighting forces How broad was this sentiment I don t know, but it was certainly there amongst a subset of soldiers.It s interesting to me how people can experience a relatively similar thing but process it in such different ways What s nice in this book is that Chevallier captures the truth of his personal experience as Junger captured his own personal truth of his experience , and both likely represent the truth of many other soldiers, marking different ends of a spectrum in how people experienced this thing, and I m sure there was often a mix of feelings, and even certain paradoxical contrasting thoughts within the same individuals Chevallier is a good guide, he has strong intellectual foundations far as I can tell , as did Junger, but comes at things from different angles Both men strike me as very rational, at least they uphold a high respect for practicing logic and rational thinking with rigor and so in this respect they are very similar Although it is interesting that WWI seemed to crush quite a few peoples faith in Western rationalism and logic, showing the pernicious permutations of instrumental rationalism used to manipulate the public and showcasing the dark alleys that blind worship of positivism can lead to In general, it seemed to erode faith in various large scale institutions, including government and church, but also the domains of science and technology As far as I can remember, for Chevallier the main erosion happened in his view of government and church, but not as much in science and technology Junger seemed relatively unscathed in his views towards institutions of his time Science and technology probably faced fewer challenges and rebounded strongly because they were able to deliver tangible results in improving quality of life for many people electricity, sanitation, transportation, water, food, material wealth, medicine and longer life, etc etc.

  6. says:

    se per avere un eroe bisogna massacrare diecimila uomini, preferisco fare a meno degli eroi Sappiate infatti che la missione a cui ci destinate, forse, voi non sareste in grado di compierla Nessuno pu giurare sulla propria saldezza di fronte alla morte finch non se la trova davanti .Il ventenne Dartemont, alter ego di Chevallier inizia ponendosi un interrogativo cos la guerra tutti ne parlano, tutti ci vanno, ma cos , in realt , la guerra Penso alle parole di Bourne La guerra la salute dello stato Si crede di morire per la Patria e si muore invece per il Potere.Stupidit , povert e ignoranza generano uomini che credono e obbediscono all ordine di capi e padroni E ci rende possibile gli eserciti e le guerre.Si traveste da ideale un atto criminale e si condannano a morte esseri umani colpevoli della propria docilit.Chi d ordine al massacro sorride tracotante pensando alla vittoria Milioni e milioni di vittime servono a soddisfare la vanit imbecille che manda il mondo in rovina.Quelli che vanno alla guerra non sono pupazzi, sono uomini fatti di carne e di paura.Paura, ecco la parola maledetta Paura, parola impronunciabile Perch se solo affiora alle labbra del soldato lo trasforma in ci che realmente un povero cristo mandato al macello.Ci va coraggio, e tanto, per raccontare la paura del soldato al fronte che rischia la vita per combattere una guerra insensata.Non si racconta la paura, non si deve Meglio narrare grandi e piccole imprese, eroiche, coraggiose, piene di ideologia e amor di patria, mentre un povero cristo subisce la guerra chiedendosi perch.Chevallier affida a Dartemont il compito di raccontare l orrore e la paura Perch non si pu non provare paura quando si leva un ruggito dalle creste montane e si vede trasformare in lava di sangue la carne degli uomini.Non possibile non provare orrore e paura quando si cammina fra e su cadaveri che esalano miasmi nauseabondi, quando si calpesta ci che rimane di un altro essere umano Un braccio, una gamba, una testa senza corpo Come si fa a non provare paura Per quanto paradossale, ho trovato nella durezza disperante di certe pagine la pi alta espressione di umanit Vivo come un animale, un animale che ha fame, che ha sonno Non mi mai capitato di sentirmi cos istupidito, cos vuoto di pensieri Ora capisco che lo sfinimento fisico, togliendo alle persone il tempo di riflettere e riducendole a provare solo bisogni elementari, un sicuro mezzo di dominio Capisco che se gli schiavi si assoggettano tanto facilmente perch non hanno pi le forze per tentare una rivolta, n l immaginazione per concepirla, n l energia per organizzarla Capisco l astuzia degli oppressori, che privano gli sfruttati dell uso del cervello piegandoli sotto il peso di fatiche spossanti Certe volte mi sento sul punto di cadere in bal a di quella specie di sortilegio causato dalla stanchezza e dalla monotonia, in quello stato di passivit animale che accetta qualsiasi cosa, in quello stato di sottomissione che equivale all annientamento dell individuo La mia facolt di giudizio si ottunde, tollera tutto e capitola La paura pubblicato nel 1930 e ritirato nel 39 Scomodo e pericoloso lasciarlo circolare liberamente mentre nuova carne da macello si apprestava a cadere Se fosse stato letto, forse ci sarebbero stati tanti renitenti in pi E tanti tantissimi morti in meno da piangere.Un libro che non dovrebbe mancare nelle biblioteche, fra i libri di testo, nelle librerie, nelle case Leggetelo Regalatelo Diffondetelo.

  7. says:

    Wow This one is an unrecognized classic of the military novel genre that should be better known Jean Dartemont, the eager young Frenchman, joins the French army in 1915 against the Germans He is quickly disillusioned as to blind patriotism and to army life there is no glory to be found here except that for the high officers, who grab it at the expense of the ranks All to be found here in the trenches is only mind numbing monotony and overwhelmingly, the desire to stay alive Mostly the men are in a state of stasis waiting for the other side to start something Fear, Anxiety, and Terror are Dartemont s constant companions, just as they accompany every other poilu common soldier We are taken through his whole military career from enlistment to the Armistice It details Dartemont s coming upon dead Germans for the first time and his shock at how the bodies have been blown apart In his first battle, in which he kills no one he is wounded enough to send to the hospital Nurses there care for gruesome, grisly wounds and are disappointed there are no tales of glorious exploits None of the patients have any to tell them On convalescent leave, his father can t or won t understand the war from the common soldiers viewpoint Neither do civilians in general Return to the front takes him either to the fighting or behind the lines as runner delivering messages under fire or making and checking topographic maps and enemy positions, many times also under enemy bombardment We were given an extended horrendous description of the Battle of Chemins de Dames Letters home express what the home folks want to hear they can t accept the soldiers truths As the war grinds wearily on, the despairing Dartemont writes No end seems in sight Every day men fall Every day we have less trust in our own luck Some old hands who have been there from the start believe themselves immune, invulnerable, but most believe any luck will turn.Here everything is planned for killingand yet we want to stay alive.the horror of war resides in growing anxiety continuation, repetition of danger Death can be seemingly random This book is just as valid today as it was when it was written 1930 I thought of Dartemont as an Everyman figure, a little man caught in brutality over which he had no control The author pulled no punches in description everyday events and fighting were not prettified, down to telling us about the soldiers lice ridden clothes and bodies Dartemont s story and the emotions he and other soldiers feel and express so forcefully could be those of any soldier in any war this novel just happens to be set in World War I It is a powerful, savage anti war, novel memoir It excoriates the brutal, rigid military system in toto and its hidebound officer hierarchy Common soldiers give voice to their concerns Even some few Germans chime in, with the same sentiments Awarded the Croix de Guerre and made a Chevalier de la L gion d Honneur, Chevallier drew on some of his own experiences I m sure that s why the insights and the action were so unforgettable and so vivid Some of the scenes were absolutely chilling and made my blood run cold.

  8. says:

    Written by a French veteran of the First World War, FEAR is one of the great anti war novels Not as melodramatic as JOHNNY GOT HIS GUN nor even ALL QUIET ON THE WESTERN FRONT and I use melodramatic only in a comparative sense , nor as absurdly comic as CATCH 22, Gabriel Chevallier s novel is simply at least on the surface a seemingly objective description of the life of a French poilu, or foot soldier, in the trenches of northern France from 1914 to 1918 Chevallier recoils not one bit from the horrors so numbingly omnipresent on the battlefields of that wretched war, but he writes with an apparent detachment that obliterates the sense of this as a polemic Yet the book is even effective for Chevallier s seeming disdain for pushing an agenda, and beneath the surface lies a hidden lake of bile, sarcasm, and outrage FEAR is an obscure book compared to the classic anti war novels mentioned above, and has only recently been rediscovered and reissued It is perhaps the most poetic novel of its type ever written Blood, anguish, and a sardonic dolefulness hang on every word It is an extraordinary achievement.

  9. says:

    When I chose this book to read next, I noted the irony of my having commented about the explicit violence in Se or Vivo and the Coca Lord But in that it was the sadism involved and it s being personal rather than general There are a lot of adjectives to describe The Great War, but I wouldn t use sadistic, other than that I m sure there were sadists among the combatants, probably on both sides The works I ve been reading don t include that aspect, thankfully.I also read recently Under Fire, which covers a lot of the same ground thematically, if not literally, as this one This is much better written or I read a much better translation This one covers the war from declaration to armistice, where the Barbusse ends in 1916 Both claim to be novels, but, as both are written in the first person and by combatants, it isn t difficult to think these are memoir than fiction.Chevallier was wounded by shrapnel fairly early, spent time in hospital, then returned to his unit He was able to give a broader picture of the war He witnessed death and killing a lot of it He speaks to the futility of this war, especially that most of the generals colonels giving battle orders seemed either unfamiliar with the uses and effects of the new technology, or simply didn t care Machine guns had not been used in war before this one Some of the other larger guns were also new to warfare The orders were to just go over the top and run head on into the barrage of these weapons When you weren t in the first group to go over, you tripped over corpses, or had to run by wounded men screaming in pain When I think of it, it s just short of amazing that anyone came home alive.I want to repeat that this is ever so much better than Under Fire Even so, there were some tedious pages, and it doesn t rise to the level of a 5 star read.

  10. says:

    I ve read three books on WWI this week Without doubt this one was the most graphic and captured the brutality, pointlessness and evil of war in the trenches of WWI.A novel based on the author own experience which is also interesting in that the man survived five years of fighting.Very descriptive of the carnage and wounds experienced, anger at the Generals and politicians and respectful of his fellow soldier where fear was a daily experience.It is probably one of the best WWI novels written.

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