Fin de partie Endgame a play in one act, Samuel Beckett 1906 1989 Endgame, by Samuel Beckett, is a one act play with four characters It was originally written in French entitled Fin de partie Beckett himself translated it into English The play was first performed in a French language production at the Royal Court Theatre in London, opening on 3 April 1957 It is commonly considered, along with such works as Waiting for Godot, to be among Beckett s most important works Characters Hamm unable to stand and blind Clov Hamm s servant unable to sit Taken in by Hamm as a child Nagg Hamm s father has no legs and lives in a dustbin Nell Hamm s mother has no legs and lives in a dustbin next to Nagg 1974 1392 84 1478 279 105 9786001195020 1392 20. . Beckett wrote many strange plays, though sometimes the strange is needed to capture an aspect of reality that is, by its very nature, strange, mystical and untouchable Good literature, the very best of literature, makes you think and makes you imagine When you read you put your own design on the book You interpret it The answers are not given to you, you must find them if they are, indeed, wanting to be found Beckett gives you very little I have some ideas about what the play may represent, but the point is it could resemble a great many things It is not clear It is like looking through a murky glass at an indifferent world that could be our own and not our own With the Endgame it is for you to decideAll life long, the same questions, the same answersAnd I ve decided three things based upon that rather important quote 1 The world is evilUse your head, can t you, use your head, you re on earth, there s no cure for that Hamm dreams of sleep, of being free to run and make love in nature and in the woods The ideas in his mind are better than the reality he faces As such a sense of depression permeates the play, a certain dissatisfaction with everything that is existence The world is not kind It is not always good to use and at our end it leaves us dissatisfied and unfulfilled Very much in the modernist mode, Beckett s words capture the disillusionment that permeates his artistic era and, as ever, he captures it using the brilliance of absurdist theatre 2 The Old world is deadI use the words you taught me If they don t mean anything any , teach me others Or let me be silent Naggs and Nell, the older generation, are kept in trash bins in the corner of the room It s an apt symbol for the death of the old ways, for the old generation, as man moves into the modern world They are incapable of moving forward so they are left to die in misery along with the values of the nineteenth century The two have no pulse and blither about bygone days nobody wants to hear about Their fond memories are mere garbage to their son Hamm He does not care about their lives or their past experiences because they are dead 3 The new world isn t any better because life is absurdNothing really changes but remains perpetually the same The sea, the sky, the stars and the horizon do not differ Civilisation remains forever grey There is no meaning to be found in any of it Hamm and Clov will never represent something or be anything And to think differently is only a delusion A cold detached death is what waits for them, again, a meaningless death against a multitude of souls that have littered the endless dark over the agesHAMM We re not beginning to to mean something CLOV Mean something You and I, mean something Brief laugh Ah that s a good one Nothing is funnier than unhappiness, I grant you that Yes, yes, it s the most comical thing in the world And we laugh, we laugh, with a will, in the beginning But it s always the same thing Yes, it s like the funny story we have heard too often, we still find it funny, but we don t laugh any Pessimism, hopelessness and desperation are what drip maniacally and slowly from the sad words in this play As it progresses, it gets greyer with each line The old world may be dead, though the new one is depressed and unhappy it has no purpose Final ThoughtsBeckett would, however, read my decisions and probably tell me to throw myself into the sea But Beckett s dead and his words were written to elicit a response He knew exactly what he was doing, the comical genius bastard that he was Words do not get cleverer than his. Celebrity Death Match Special Endgame versus Secrets of Pawnless EndingsAn almost bare stage containing only an armchair, a table and two garbage cans The armchair is covered in a heavy drape CLOV enters right, carrying a bag, and limps slowly towards the table When he reaches it, he pulls out a chessboard and set He places the board on the table and painstakingly arranges a few pieces on it, examining the position from different angles and adjusting the pieces accordingly Finally, he moves to the armchair and removes the drape, revealing HAMM, an elderly man wearing dark glasses HAMM Well CLOV I ve set them up We can continue Rook and bishop against rook.HAMM What do you mean CLOV It s an endgame, right HAMM You idiot You don t understand anything, do you CLOVDefensivelyI understand as much as you do Samuel Beckett was a keen chessplayer I can well believe he had this one in mind.HAMM Moron This is a universal metaphor for the human condition, not some piece of games trivia CLOV Look The position is theoretically drawn in almost all practical cases, but White can torture Black for 50 movesNAGGPoking head out of garbage can75 moves NELLMuffled voice from other garbage canNo, FIDE changed it back to 50 moves in 1992 CLOVIgnoring themthough as long as Black knows one of the standard defensive setups, he has nothing to fear Personally, I favor Cochrane s method Though the second rank defense also has many supporters.NAGG If Black dies before reaching the fiftieth move, he forfeits NELL Yes, death ends the game It s important in correspondence matches.HAMM But what has this got to do with Beckett CLOVShrugging his shouldersI admit it nothing.NAGG Nothing NELLWith a hysterical little laughNothing Nothing CLOV So shall we play It ll pass the time.HAMM Why notCurtain No winner announced due to absurdity of existence 5 1 Samuel Beckett Was Awarded The Nobel Prize For Literature In His Literary Output Of Plays, Novels, Stories, And Poetry Has Earned Him An Uncontested Place As One Of The Greatest Writers Of Our Time Endgame, Originally Written In French And Translated Into English By Beckett Himself, Is Now Considered By Many Critics To Be His Greatest Single Work A Pinnacle Of Beckett S Characteristic Raw Minimalism, It Is A Pure And Devastating Distillation Of The Human Essence In The Face Of Approaching Death Nature has forgotten us There s no nature No nature You exaggerate In the vicinity But we breathe, we change We lose our hair, our teeth Our bloom Our idealsA play that reads like a poem written in a twisted dream No words Only silence is suitable after this one. L se em pouco mais de uma hora, mas fica colado pele um dia, uma semana, uma vida Beckett n o se esquece Assim como n o se esquece a inquieta o que as suas pe as provocam a confus o de sentimentos, o vazio, a ang stia porque leva nos ao limite, faz nos rir e sabemos que n o era para rir, era para chorar, caramba Era para gritar Foi a pe a mais sombria que li de Samuel Beckett, agora, apanhar os cacos e tentar restaurar a ru na emocional.
Samuel Barclay Beckett was an Irish avant garde novelist, playwright, theatre director, and poet, who lived in France for most of his adult life He wrote in both English and French His work offers a bleak, tragicomic outlook on human nature, often coupled with black comedy and gallows humour.Beckett is widely regarded as among the most influential writers of the 20th century Strongly influenced
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- Samuel Beckett
- 26 November 2019 Samuel Beckett