Niebla

Niebla Esta Obra De Miguel De Unamuno Es Uno De Los Ejemplos Cl Sicos M S Eminentes De La Novela Moderna La Ficci N Deja Aqu De Ser Un Puro Veh Culo Narrativo, Transmisor De Historias, Para Convertirse En Un Universo Textual De Fecundas Sugerencias El T Tulo, Niebla, Expresa Con Claridad El Prop Sito Novelesco De Desdibujar Lo Visible Y Materializar, En Cambio, Lo Impalpable En Este Ambiente Vemos Moverse A Un Hombre Esencialmente Frustrado, Augusto P Rez, Sobre Cuya Muerte Nos Vemos Obligados A Pronunciarnos Germ N Gull N, Reconocido Como Uno De Los Primeros Especialistas En Novela Contempor Nea, Facilita En Esta Edici N Una Pauta De Lectura Que Conduce A Una Riqueza De Comprensi N Insospechada De La Novela En S Y De Cuanto Supone, Como Cima, En El Proceso De La Narrativa Espa Ola

Miguel de Unamuno was born in the medieval centre of Bilbao, Basque Country, the son of F lix de Unamuno and Salom Jugo As a young man, he was interested in the Basque language, and competed for a teaching position in the Instituto de Bilbao, against Sabino Arana The contest was finally won by the Basque scholar Resurrecci n Mar a de Azcue.Unamuno worked in all major genres the essay, the nove

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  • Paperback
  • 254 pages
  • Niebla
  • Miguel de Unamuno
  • Spanish
  • 06 August 2019

10 thoughts on “Niebla

  1. says:

    I am surprised this novel is not better known outside Spain Or may be I am not.Niebla, or Mist, was published in 1914 but it was written considerably earlier, in 1907 Consequently, it ranks amongst the earliest modernist novels, on a par with Pirandello s Il fu Mattia Pascal from 1904 and which I have not read yet and with Proust s Du c t de chez Swann published in 1913 but also written from 1909 onwards.Don Miguel de Unamuno 1864 1939 is associated to what is known as the 98 Generation Generaci n del 98 , or a group of writers and thinkers, who with a relatively international outlook, were marked by a pessimism that resulted from their realization of the serious decline of Spain The year of 1898, when Spain lost its last colonies, Cuba and the Philippines, became their identity mark They formed a group with shared friendships and allegiances and a general interest in new literary forms This mist of a novel is not so misty The language is crystal clear and reads as easily as a soft breeze blows through one s hair Its supposed modernist quality is, however, a bit obscure Or may be it is not The title, Niebla, is a play of words with the word Novela novel and a term that Unamuno coined for a new literary genre of his own cooking N vola Niebla therefore does not refer to the plot, and even if the word crops up regularly and playfully in the novel, it refers indirectly to what Unamuno believed a novel should be This is then his nebulous experiment Reading Niebla we follow Unamuno s somewhat foolish character Don Augusto P rez and the silly plot as he questions the premises of the realist novel His questioning is also rooted in his fascination with the work by the other Don Miguel of Spanish literature, and Don Quijote makes its presence in Niebla both through the invocation of the ingenioso hidalgo and through some of the literary characteristics of the work.In this N vola of Niebla, all the modernist ingredients are there clearly spelled out.Unamuno s first concern is with the principle of cohesive and ordered narrative and with the structure of the novel As an alternative he proposes to let the novel write itself, without plan The plot is to unfold in a muddled and disorderly fashion, similarly to life The characters will form themselves through their use of language, through what they say, but in a loose and pointless talk or hablar por hablar They will speak a great deal even if they have nothing to say but this language will portray them There is consequently a great deal of dialogue, or the most natural of spontaneous of languages, in Niebla This writing without a goal is however, at a great distance from the later Surrealist automatic writing.Niebla then reads very similarly to a play There is no Modernist twisting of meanings Instead, the emptying of human utterance and the emphasis on its banality underlines Unamuno s concern about the theatricality and falsehood of speech Language in its social aspect becomes suspect Alternatively, he also wants to explore the inner language and how to get into the mind of the protagonist without making the author too impossibly intrusive Rather than a Woolfian stream of consciousness, we have a dog This is a charming dog The suitably named Orfeo becomes the Alter Ego of Don Augusto, so that we know what he thinks, again through dialogue, and at the end the dog will also utter his own words This literary role of the dog is explicitly explained to us by Unamuno, who increasingly interferes in his novel.There are modernist characteristics in this N vola Musings on Time and its meaning are often encountered Y as , sin t rmino, devanando la madeja de nuestro destino, deshaciendo todo el infinito que en una eternidad nos ha hecho, caminando a la nada, sin llegar nunca a ella, pues que ella nunca fue Identity and its definition or fragmentation is also found, even if Don Augusto s paltry insistence on his Yo soy yo , or el otro soy yo and si, yo soy el otro, yo soy otro just made me laugh.But the most striking aspect of this novel is Unamuno playing with himself and his Authorship It all begins with the fictitious Prologue of a fictitious writer who disagrees with the real author on what is the true plot of the novel The author will then later on creep in the novel to tell us that his characters are talking about him and rebelling against him, but he laughs at their futile efforts, since he is the god of this literary creation Yo soy el Dios de estos dos pobres diablos nivolescos And the novel finishes with the argument between the protagonist and the author on how the N vola, and Don Augusto s life, should end Who do you think got the upper hand At the beginning of my reading, the clarity and simplicity in the writing disappointed me I felt a divergence between the intentions and the form, but as I proceeded, I detected and of the humour and laughed out loud several times.I applaud Unamuno in his ability to formulate a parody of something which was not quite there yet.

  2. says:

    Vaya impresi n que me he llevado con la lectura de este lindo libro Me hab a encontrado positivas rese as de lectores y de amigos en goodreads que me alentaban a leerlo y efectivamente don Unamuno no me decepcion.Cabe destacar que esta novela, m s que experimental es innovadora S , esa es la palabra, porque es realmente asombroso la manera en que el autor culmina la novela y sobre todo el destino de su personajes principal, Augusto P rez.Es admirable que este libro publicado en 1914 utilice una t cnica de narraci n que trabaja sobre la ficci n y la realidad, especialmente a partir del cap tulo XXXI la novela posee treinta y tres cap tulos m s un ep logo.Ese punto de inflexi n es lo que le da el brillo m s destacado a una historia tal vez como tantas, pero que con la a adidura del efecto fant stico porque en cierta manera lo es , todo da un giro completo hacia otro lado.Augusto P rez, un muchacho despreocupado y de buena posici n no podemos precisar la edad ha vivido m s de treinta a os con su madre viuda, pero cuando esta fallece sale a conocer la vida y descubre algo que lo cambia profundamente el amor.Sucede en su vida f cil y acomodada en la que pocas veces pasa algo interesante que el mundo se le presenta tal como es con sus negros, blancos y grises Tiene un gran amigo, quien oficia de amistad terrenal entre tanta enso aci n amorosa que le produce Eugenia, esa chica pianista, de fr as manos como la nieve y dedos de finos huesos Su realidad sufrir una conmoci n y l mismo reconocer su propio despertar al amor y las pasiones que Eugenia le genera Todas estas cuestiones lo har n cavilar y descubrir que las relaciones nos ser n como l pensaba Los conflictos est n a la puerta de su otra vida sin sobresaltos y eso har que sus meditaciones y mon logos sean realmente memorables Deambular entre Hamlet, Descartes y un sinf n de devaneos existencialistas Se plantear , preguntar y pondr nfasis en qui n es y cu l es su objetivo en la vida Unamuno logra que la narrativa sea fluida, los mon logos hagan pensar y los di logos se asemejen mucho a una obra de teatro.Y naturalmente, como en toda historia de amor, nada es simple Eugenia est de novio con Mauricio, un tipo vividor, que no trabaja ni quiere casarse Por otra parte, aparece Rosario, la chica del planchado a quien Augusto perversamente hace entrar en el juego Intervienen tambi n personajes que tiene mucho que ver en esta historia como Domingo y Ermelinda, los t os con los que vive Eugenia vive as tambi n como Liduvina en la casa de Augusto.Y por ltimo, el perro de Augusto, Orfeo, quien oficia como confidente e incre blemente ser este peque o animalito quien tenga un sitial de privilegio en la novela Pero el cap tulo clave, el XXXI, es ese en el que Augusto se encuentra con Unamuno Esto cambia completamente el curso de la historia Nos vamos a encontrar con este tipo de cruzamiento de lo ficcional con lo real en cuentos como El Aleph de Jorge Luis Borges No se me ocurre otro cuento o novela en este momento que utilice esta t cnica pero s puedo decir que el autor la trata con tanta genialidad que la historia, que hasta ese momento bastante simple m s all del conflicto amoroso, recobra brillo e inter s un tanto deca do al promediar la misma para arribar a un final impredecible, innovador como dijera previamente y rematado por un ep logo de antolog a que nos deja una impresi n no tan dura m s all del tr gico final.Nunca hab a le do a don Unamuno pero puedo decir que esta fue una de las mejores formas de conocer su maravillosa forma de narrar historias Unamuno es uno de de los m s grandes escritores que ha dado Espa a y que lectores de todo el mundo disfrutan hasta el d a de hoy Y si es a partir de libros son como ste, mejor a n.

  3. says:

    1914 Politically unsettling times at the onset of The Great War Fragmentation in the world and a tendency to see through a glass darkly perhaps was the inspiration for Fog written by Miguel de Unamuno.Augusto, a pampered, wealthy intellectual, still reeling two years after his mother s death, was bored with life Bored, until the day he spotted a girl with beautiful eyes He followed her home and gleaned the necessary information She was single, orphaned, and lived with her aunt and uncle Left almost destitute by her father after a stock market crash, she gave piano lessons to pay off the heavily mortgaged house she had inherited Up until now, Augusto existed in a fog He now had wild dreams about the undying love of his own creation.Augusto, introverted and unsure of himself, confers with friend Victor Victor tells him that Eugenia s presence has awakened Augusto s senses to women collectively Feelings for a singular woman will help him to consider branching out and experiencing life and love Augusto s over the top fascination with Eugenia is problematic since Eugenia has a fiance, Mauricio Despite Mauricio s presence, Augusto is selfless He pays off Eugenia s mortgage and eliminates her debts.While Eugenia s aunt calls Augusto her favorite suitor, strong willed Eugenia is determined to marry lazy, unemployed Mauricio, a bum who detests the idea of work She feels that Augusto is trying to buy her.The fog that is life envelopes Augusto He converses with his dog Orfeo, who listens to his soliloquies and thoughts on love Augusto wants to end his own life He visits author Unamuno, his creator Unamuno informs him that he is just a character in a novel and only an author can make life or death decisions for the characters Fog by Miguel de Unamuno is a tragic comedy with existential themes It is very creative and thought provoking A most enjoyable tome.Thank you Northwestern University Press and Net Galley for the opportunity to read and review Fog.

  4. says:

    No es acaso la liturgia de todas las religiones un modo de brezar el sue o de Dios y que no despierte y deje de so arnos Is not the whole liturgy, of all religions, only a way perhaps of soothing God in His dreams, so that He shall not wake and cease to dream us Mind boggling concept, and yet it manages to still seem desolately average it s a miracle.It may just be that in this period words seem to not want to come at me they almost seem to refuse to be summoned, or maybe they want me me to seek them harder, and I can t So it may be me, it may be the words, but in this case I think it is the book I don t feel like there is much about it to be said.You should probably know, before my attempt at saying something, that I am a huge admirer of Luigi Pirandello s work To me, he is one of a kind, and he is unequalled My Spanish professor swears up and down that Unamuno and Pirandello never read each other s works, but their philosophies are disconcertingly similar, and, useless to say, Unamuno s appears to me ad the rough copy of Pirandello s This may be due exclusively to the fact that I d read and loved And reread And reloved Pirandello before Unamuno s arrival in my literary panorama, or it may be due to the fact that Pirandello s world is so wide and deep and ample no matter the dimension you re considering, and Unamuno gave me not even the littlest hint of the vertigo Pirandello gives me Now, moving on to the book Niebla is one of the most interesting literary experiments I ve ever had the pleasure to see It s about the collision of two worlds, the real and the fictional ones, and this I can t help but enjoy It s the story that the author uses as background where the main flaw of the book lies uneventful, uninteresting, gray Un meaningful than meaningless, and I can t say whether the latter would have been a less unappreciative adjective Especially when reading books that I know have been written following a solid and sound conceptual system, I expect to and enjoy finding in each episode of the plot a or less veiled reference to that system I like when actions are soaked with thoughts And what I felt was that in this book, if not very superficially, they weren t.I think I will just stick with Pirandello.

  5. says:

    A philosophical novel, recently republished, with a sufficient dose of the fun factor to make it a pleasure for me Unamuno was a leftist novelist, playwright, and essayist who served as a professor of Greek and Classics at the University of Salamanca Written in 1907 and published in 1914, Niebla translated as mist or fog purports through one of its characters to represent a new form of fiction, called the nivola , which is concerned with the personification of ideas than realism It plays on proto existentialist concepts such as the absurdity of the illusion of free will, the Shakespearean sense of our life as being like actors on a stage, and ancient notions of our existence being but a dream by our God The special and delightful twist comes when our main character, Augusto, recognizes Unamumo himself as the god author responsible for his torments in seeking love Thus, we get a foretaste of the over the top shenanigans I recently read in Pirandello s play Six Characters in Search of an Author published the same year as Ulysses, 1922 , which in turn presages the Theater of the Absurd , which Beckett initiated in the 50s, as well as the intersections of characters, readers, and authors seen in Calvino s If on a winter s night a traveler 1979 Recognizing this book as innovative does not prove it to be a fun read for contemporary readers Let me paint the scenario a bit to help you see if it could be your cup of tea We meet Augusto who is an aimless aristocrat Strike one against our loving him But he begins to charm us with his innocence and naivete and can readily appreciate his impetus to seek love to fill some of the emptiness he feels in life A random encounter and glance with a woman on the street, Eugenia, leads him to follow her and then to dig information about her from the concierge at her residence Strike two against him for stalking But as he convinces himself he is in love with her and persuades her guardian aunt and uncle a theoretical anarchist of the virtues of his intentions, we begin to root for him much as we would for the fantasies of Don Quixote over Dulcinea A windmill he must tilt at is that Eugenia is already engaged to marry Maybe he is deluded, but his eloquence can be fetching Thanks to love, I can feel my soul in a palpable way, I can touch it The very core of my soul aches, thanks to love And what is the soul if not love, if not the incarnation of pain Days come and go and love remains Deep within, in the innermost depths, this world s current rubs and grates against the other world s current, and from this rubbing and grating comes the saddest and sweetest heartache of all, the heartache of living.As Augusto recognizes that only virtue can win the day for him, he bides his time while demonstrating selfless generosities to Eugenia Meanwhile, the love awakened in his heart opens him to the susceptibility of falling in love with other women he encounters The laundry girl, Rosario, catches his eye, and soon the dance of affection ensues between them In his egocentric state of loving two women, Augusto seeks out advice from his writer friend Victor, framed as a quest to understand feminine psychology He fills Augusto s head with the notion from some 17th century doctor that women share a communal soul, that love is all in his head how do you know you are really in love and not just that you think you are , and that he should commit himself to the experiment of marrying either one immediately To Augusto s objection about the permanence of marriage, Victor is dismissive Anybody who wants to run an experiment with a way out, without burning bridges, will never attain any real knowledge.I found myself engaged in a hit at the plate beating a strike three count What would be Augusto s just fate Just as he is about to take his fate into his own hands, we get the absurdity of him taking his case to the author But the reader gets the last laugh Victor has set up the idea of the reader s power in this earlier dialogue with Augusto All right, but what am I going to do right now Do do do You re already feeling like a character in a play or novel Aren t we doing something when we talk like this As if talk were not action In the beginning was the Word, and through the Word everything was created The soul of a character in a play or a novel, or a nivola, is given to him by By his author No, by the reader A charming dessert at the end is an internal soliloquy by Augusto s dog, Orfeo, who has had to put up with his master s endless blather for so long As a sliver of a sample of this perfect end to the tale, Orfeo concludes Man is such a strange animal There is no way of knowing what he wants if he himself even knows Language enables him to lie, to invent what doesn t exist and get confused Man is a sick animal, no doubt about it.This book was provided by the publisher for review through the Netgalley program.

  6. says:

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  7. says:

    Nebbia quella in cui vive il protagonista, Augusto P rez, incapace di vivere realmente perch non camminava, passeggiava nella vita Si perde in riflessioni, fantasticherie, senza riuscire a vedere quello che lo circonda e nemmeno quello che ha dentro di s Si innamora di una ragazza sconosciuta, affascinato dai suoi occhi visti per caso e la segue.Nebbia quella che si addensa sull Europa Il libro uscir nel 1914, quando una guerra di tipo nuovo sconvolger il continente, sgretolando imperi e certezze.Nella nebbia si perde il senso d orientamento, l identit , come Augusto P rez che, in preda a una delusione vuole suicidarsi e decide di incontrare il suo autore Bellissimo il dialogo tra i due, nella seconda parte del libro, e tragica la conclusione, dopo essersi accusati reciprocamente di non esistere La verit , mio caro Augusto, che non puoi ucciderti, perch non sei vivo, e che non sei vivo e nemmeno morto perch in realt non esisti.

  8. says:

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  9. says:

    I got my paws on an English translation of NIEBLA by Miguel de Unamuno It was written over 100 years ago it reeks of postmodern metafiction, you know, the type in which a character finds himself literally becoming invented or destroyed by his god, our author It is an important feat, a relevant historical artifact in how the writer tries to break ties with classic conventions of the novel We exist, we exist is the cry of these malcontents, these fictional persons But read now, in the middle of the MeToo movement, it could be a wee unsavory, as Unamuno traverses the societal personal reasons for dating women In the 1910s.And how could Fog not be this way, when the author himself alludes to THE premier Spanish work, obviously DON QUIXOTE This is an extension of that very Spanish trait the one in which the writer cannot unglue himself from his creation, indeed intrinsically becoming part of the work himself.

  10. says:

    Poco despu s, cierta noche, Unamuno se hall en una estancia umbr a, sobre un manto opaco de diminutas estrellas Levant la vista del rutilante sendero que durante un buen rato le hab a estado distrayendo de su pensar y dio con los ojos en un joven que sosten a una daga entre las manos, frente a l Ten a dicho joven los labios fruncidos y los ojos tristes, como si su alma vagase lejos Al estudiarlo con cierto detenimiento, Unamuno se dio cuenta de que su rostro le resultaba familiar.No me asustas, Augusto, dijo.La lengua del otro se despeg del paladar emitiendo un sonoro chasquido.Iluso hasta el fin, cre que ahorrar as soberbia esta vez, respondi Y sin m s dilaci n emprendi tres pasos hacia l, alzando el arma.No, no Espera No puedes Qu Es tarde Anochece.Que no puedes hacerlo Ya lo hemos hablado.M rame, Miguel, dijo mientras apretaba la daga contra su cuello y trazaba una cruz de la cual comenzaron a brotar, t midamente, algunas gotas de sangre, de verdad te parece que no puedo Mira como sangra mi alma Sangro, sangro y no hay m s realidad.Olvidas que eres m o Que yo te cre No puedes morir cuando quieras, y menos matarme.El joven sonri.Si el autor interviene ser para matar al personaje, prosigui Unamuno Lo siento, pero ha sido siempre as , y as habr de seguir siendo Nunca un personaje matar al creador, pues su voluntad est castrada.Claro, Miguel, entiendo Por eso conf as una vez m s en tu voluntad veleidosa para ahuyentarme, no es as As es En nada conf o m s que en mi voluntad.Pero dime, dime, suspir dulcemente Augusto, emprendiendo un peque o c rculo alrededor de los pies de Unamuno Cu l es entonces la clase de estulto orgullo que te empuja tan indulgentemente a creer que este de hoy es tu sue o en lugar del m o, que es esta tambi n tu historia, y no la m a

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