Дворянское гнездо

Дворянское гнездоA Sequel To Rudin, A House Of Gentlefolk Was Originally Published In And Was Translated From The Russian By Constance Garnett In A Quintessential Turgenev Novel About Russian Society, Idealism, Innocence And Disillusionment It Is Set Amidst The Green Fields Owned By Bourgeois RussiansThe Novel Pivots Around The Character Of Lisa, A Smart And Accomplished Young Woman Who Represents The Traditional, Dutiful, Innocent And Modest Russian Girlhood From That Era Lavretsky, The Hero, Is A Man Of Action And A Man Of Culture He, Like Lisa, Is A Democratic Russian And So It Is Almost Inevitable That He And Lisa Fall In Love Their Contentment Is Short Lived, However, As A Woman From Lavretsky S Past Enters Their Lives And Threatens To Ruin Their Happiness ForeverAlthough A Melancholy Story The Novel S Overall Tone Remains One Of Hope And It Is Easy To See How A House Of Gentlefolk Became The Favourite Turgenev Novel For English Speaking Readers Another wonderful book of Ivan Turgenev that combines the reflection on the present and the future of Russia of that time and its relationship with the West with a very beautiful love story The first he manages to do it in a simple way, through the main story and the parallel with it, without long discourses that extend into many pages So the writer brings us his thoughts in a way that is accessible and comprehensible The second, which is the most important, he begins to do it by introducing us the adorable Lisa, who with her innocent heart who does not have a trace of malice in her wins the hearts of all and above all of the readers Of course, the world we live in makes the happiness of such sensitive creatures very difficult, and our heroine is not excluded from this, something that gives a melancholy tone in our story that may also reflect a pessimistic perception of the author about the course of things, although in the end I think there is plenty of room for optimism With all that I describe to you, it was impossible for me to resist and not feel deeply touched by a book that will surely accompany me for a long time. Just another sad love storymaybe But not as written by the Russian master, author Ivan Turgenev a glimpse into the human mind, a dense jungle with meandering rivers flowing in different directions to who knows where, it ends someday The plot, a wealthy , young, very inexperienced man Fyodor Ivanych Lavretsky, falls for a beautiful girl Varvara Pavlovna, the first woman he feels attractive to , marries for love, the father, a greedy, poor retired general, with a shady past, consents rapidly, wonder why she adores money, in mid 19th century Saint Petersburg, the capital, of the Russian Empire An unexpected, at an early age landowner , inherited estates from cold, uncaring, miserable relatives , that showed no affection, especially his disinterested father, to busy stealing from people , couldn t be bothered , the useless brat was unimportant, the meek, peasant mother, had died a few years after his birth, the young, lonely boy suffered in silence The restless lady, soon after the wedding gets Fyodor away from the dull and even duller mate , life of country living, to the glamorous city of lights, Paris, the wife wants to have fun Varvara quickly meets men that attract her, she spreads her charms around generously, the silly husband, a real dud in comparison, is always reading voraciously, no joy there Yet even a trusting blind man will discover the truth, it wouldn t set him free, nevertheless he departs leaving his little daughter too , a reminder of his big mistake, back to mother Russia and face the quite embarrassed relatives bravely, after eight wasted years abroad, gloom and despair , are in the air his face shows, life has passed him by UNTIL SEEING his second cousin, a kind, understanding, lovely girl of 19, Lisa, her mother , his cousin does not approve, the annoyed Marya Dmitriyevna Kalitin, has a better , suitable candidate, Vladimir Nikolaich Panshin, 28, don t you love Russian names A government official in the Interior Department, on his way up, so he s a dilettante, no problem, their nasty aunt Marfa Timofeyevna Pestova, forecasts complete disaster, still the married Feyodor is only 35, visits them everyday, in the provincial town of O Oryol , rumors give hope, rashness has no bounds, emotions are all, but reality strikes again Can a person have two chances for happiness, a rarity on Earth A passionate narrative, romantic with adults acting , childish, yet love has made many in history do the same and undoubtedly will repeat this pattern in the future, gripped in the powerful strains of the heart, nothing else matters to those involved Introduction Home of the Gentry Notes The greatest of the nineteenth century Russian novelists wrote out of the profundities of a silent country, writes translator Richard Freeborn in his introduction to the Penguin Classics edition of Ivan Turgenev s Home of the Gentry In a real and literal sense Dostoyevsky wrote out of the nocturnal silence of St Petersburg, Tolstoy from the rural silence of Yasnaya Polyana and Turgenev from the summer quiet of Spasskoye Turgenev s estate was located at Spasskoye, south west of Moscow Their novels have the special, spell binding absorbtion of voices speaking out of a natural stillness, continues Freeborn None of Turgenev s novels is eloquent of such stillness than Home of the Gentry Stillness seems to suggest that nothing much happens in Home of the Gentry, which is far from the case For Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev 1818 1883 was a master story teller, poet and dramatist A Month in the Country is undoubtedly his best known play Other notable works include his first novel Rudin, The Torrents of Spring, Fathers and Sons regarded by many as his best work and the delightful short stories, Sketches from a Hunter s Album.After 1856, the writer lived mostly abroad, and he became the first Russian author to gain a popular reputation in Europe Serfs and nobles, and how they interacted and addressed each other in the remote fastnesses of the steppes an endless fascination with Europe, a flirtation with Paris and the French language as a means of communication religion and revolution these are all familiar themes and tropes in the work of Turgenev First and foremost, a love story always glows at the heart of each of his novels, from its heady beginnings to its complications and inevitable disappointments.In Home of the Gentry, the nobleman Lavretsky is swept off his feet by the charming but scheming Varvara Pavolvna The couple move to Paris, but she is unfaithful On discovering her infidelity, he insists they separate He is an honourable man, however, and she does very well out of the settlement, despite Lavretsky s bitter contempt for his spouse.Back in his native Russia, in a town near the estate he has inherited at Vasilyevskoye, the disilllusioned nobleman falls for Liza, an extremely devout young woman of nineteen She has reciprocal feelings for the older man, but her conscience insists that Lavrestsky reconcile with his estranged wife, and she tells him so The novel builds towards its climax and indeed a love triangle of sorts when Varvara Pavolvna comes looking for her husband with the child she claims is his.Such a summary of the bare bones of the plot of this 180 page novel first published in 1858 excludes perforce Turgenev s mastery of style and pace, and his great poetic sensibility Typically, he can move quickly and with striking economy from a scene of domestic unease or embarassment to one where his young protagonist walks alone with his own thoughts, in the full flush of love The young man communes with the summer night, hears the soft rustle of trees, or the nightingale s song, as he contemplates the object of his rapture.No modern novel treats of love in such a romantic fashion, and the style has indeed gone out of fashion But when you come across such set pieces, as the reader regularly will in the works of Turgenev, they seem boldly individualistic Because we are unused to them from contemporary fiction, they come as a refreshing draught.The critic Maurice Baring 1874 1945 wasn t writing today or yesterday when he made a similar point in Russian Literature He too experienced a similar sensation, when reading Turgenev Any one who goes back to his books after a time, and after a course of modern and rougher, stormier literature will, I think, be surprised at its excellence and perhaps be inclined to heave a deep sigh of relief The above passage is quoted by translator Gilbert Gardner in his fascinating introduction to On the Eve That novel was first published in 1859, and happilly is also another Penguin Classic This 200 page novel evokes Moscow life in the months immediately preceding the Crimean War, which began in 1854 and saw Russia pitted against an alliance of Western powers.Turgenev seduces the reader with the languorus beauty of the Russian summer in the evry first, luminously suggestive sentence It was one of the hottest days of the summer of 1853, he begins We meet 23 year old sculptor and social butterfly Pavel Shubin, who is relaxing by the Moscow river, under the shade of a lime tree with his philosopher friend, Andrei Bersyenev.Shortly thereafter, we meet 20 year old Elena Nikolayevna, the impulsive but tender hearted heroine of the novel A few pages later again, we encounter the young Bulgarian revolutionary Dimitry Insarov The story of these four characters proceeds apace but will end in tragedy Most of all what lingers on after reading Turgenev is elusive yearning, and the endlessly dreaming, restless element in the nineteenth century Russian soul.

was a novelist, poet, and dramatist, and now ranks as one of the towering figures of Russian literature His major works include the short story collection A Sportsman s Sketches 1852 and the novels Rudin 1856 , Home of the Gentry 1859 , On the Eve 1860 , and Fathers and Sons 1862 These works offer realistic, affectionate portrayals of the Russian peasantry and penetrating studies of the Russian intelligentsia who were attempting to move the country into a new age His masterpiece, Fathers and Sons, is considered one of the greatest novels of the nineteenth century Turgenev was a contemporary with

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  • Дворянское гнездо
  • Ivan Turgenev
  • 10 June 2018

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